Bagh e Fidak: The Garden of Paradise and Its History in Urdu
Bagh e Fidak (ØØØº ÙØÚ) is a famous garden that belonged to the Prophet Muhammad (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) and was given to his daughter Fatima (ØØÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙØ) as a gift. It is located near Khaybar, a Jewish oasis in northern Arabia. The garden was a source of income and charity for Fatima and her family, as well as a symbol of her status and dignity.
However, after the death of the Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ), a dispute arose between Fatima and the first caliph Abu Bakr (ØØÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙ) over the ownership of Bagh e Fidak. Abu Bakr claimed that the Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) had said that prophets do not leave inheritance, and that Bagh e Fidak was a public property of the Muslims. Fatima argued that the Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) had given her the garden as a personal gift, and that she had witnesses to prove it. She also cited a verse from the Quran that states that Allah has given prophets their share of inheritance.
The dispute was never resolved in Fatima's lifetime, and she died six months after her father, without reconciling with Abu Bakr. The garden remained under the control of the caliphs until it was confiscated by Umar ibn Abdul Aziz (ØØÙ Ø ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ), the eighth Umayyad caliph, who returned it to the descendants of Fatima. However, later rulers took it back and used it for their own purposes.
Bagh e Fidak is a controversial and sensitive topic among Muslims, especially between Sunnis and Shias. Sunnis believe that Abu Bakr was right in his decision, and that he acted according to the Prophet's (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) will. Shias believe that Abu Bakr wronged Fatima and deprived her of her rightful inheritance, and that he violated the Prophet's (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) love and respect for his daughter.
If you want to learn more about Bagh e Fidak and its history in Urdu, you can download free PDF books from various sources on the internet. Some of these books are:
Bagh e Fidak or Hadis e Qirtas by Mufti Jalaluddin Ahmed Amjadi[^1^]
Bagh e Fadak History in Urdu PDF[^2^]
Bagh e Fidak.pdf by Muhammad Tariq Hanafi Sunni Lahori[^3^]
These books will provide you with detailed information and authentic references about Bagh e Fidak and its significance in Islamic history. You can also find other books and articles on this topic online or in libraries.
Bagh e Fidak is a garden of paradise that belongs to the Ahlul Bayt (the family of the Prophet). It is a testimony of their virtues and sacrifices for Islam. It is also a reminder of their rights and grievances that have been neglected by many Muslims. We should learn about Bagh e Fidak and honor its owners with love and reverence.
What is Bagh e Fidak
Bagh e Fidak (ØØØº ÙØÚ) literally means \"the garden of abundance\". It was a large and fertile garden that produced dates, grapes, wheat, barley, and other crops. It also had wells, springs, and palm trees. It was situated near Khaybar, a Jewish settlement that was conquered by the Muslims in the year 7 AH (628 CE).
The Prophet Muhammad (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) received Bagh e Fidak as part of the spoils of war from Khaybar. He did not distribute it among the Muslims, but kept it for himself and his family. He gave it to his daughter Fatima (ØØÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙØ) as a gift, and appointed her husband Ali (ØØÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙ) as its manager. The income from Bagh e Fidak was used by Fatima and Ali to help the poor and needy Muslims, as well as to support their children Hasan and Husain (ØØÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ Ø).
Bagh e Fidak was not only a material gift, but also a spiritual one. It was a sign of the Prophet's (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) love and affection for his daughter and her family. It was also a proof of their high status and rank among the Muslims. The Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) said that Fatima is the leader of the women of paradise, and that Hasan and Husain are the leaders of the youth of paradise. He also said that Ali is his successor and the guardian of his knowledge.
Why is Bagh e Fidak important
Bagh e Fidak is important for several reasons. First, it shows the special relationship between the Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) and his daughter Fatima (ØØÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙØ). The Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) loved Fatima more than anyone else in his life. He used to say that Fatima is a part of him, and whoever hurts her hurts him. He also used to greet her with a kiss on her forehead, and stand up for her when she entered his presence.
Second, it shows the excellence and nobility of Fatima and her family. Fatima was not only the daughter of the Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ), but also his most faithful follower and supporter. She witnessed many hardships and trials with him, and defended him from his enemies. She was also a role model for Muslim women in her piety, wisdom, generosity, and patience. Her husband Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ), and the first male to embrace Islam. He was known for his bravery, knowledge, justice, and devotion to Allah and His Messenger. He was also one of the four rightly guided caliphs who led the Muslims after the Prophet's (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) death. Their sons Hasan and Husain were the grandsons of the Prophet (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ), and the leaders of the Ahlul Bayt (the family of the Prophet). They inherited their parents' virtues and qualities, and sacrificed their lives for the sake of Islam.
Third, it shows the controversy and conflict that arose after the Prophet's (ØµÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ØÙÙÙ ÙØÙÙ ) death over his succession and legacy. The dispute over Bagh e Fidak was not just about a piece of land, but about the rights and authority of Fatima and her family. It was also about the interpretation and implementation of the Quran and Sunnah (the teachings of the Prophet). The dispute led to divisions and disagreements among Muslims that continue to this day. 061ffe29dd